Kanaka nunui, kanaka nunui Mountains, Czech Paradise
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ʻO Giant Mountains (Kelemānia Riesengebirge, Polish Karkonosze) ka helunahonua honua a me nā laulā kiʻekiʻe loa ma Czech a me nā Kuahiwi. Aiaʻo ia ma ka'ākau hikina o Bohemia (kaʻaoʻao komohana e waiho nei ma kaʻaoʻaoʻo Liberec, ka hikina hikina o Královéhradecký) a ma ka hema o ka māhele Polani o Silesia. ʻO ka mauna kiʻekiʻe loa ma Giant Mountains e Sněžka (1603 m). Wahi a nā lono, ke kiaʻiʻo Krkonoše Mountains i kaʻuhaneʻo Krakonoš. ʻO ia kekahi o nā wahi mauna i kaulana loa i ka Czech Republic.

Lehulehu a pau mauna a me na kanaka nunui i ua makana i kahiko i ho'ākāka 'ia e like me ka Sudetenland, a mea paha i ka inoa o Celtic me Kinohi (ka hapanui mau unuhi like mauna puaʻa) ole Balkan me Kinohi (unuhi' ia me ke kao Mountain). Ptolemy (no 85-165) hoʻohana no i keia la ka Sudetenland inoa Sudetayle (ka mea i eliia Mountains) a me Askiburgion (oi loa aku hoi Mountains, kokoke i ke kulanakauhale Askiburgium kahakaha kolohe, paha i Lusatian Mountains, a me ke kanaka nunui Mountains). ʻO Dio Cassius ma 3. ua hoʻohanaʻia ka inoaʻo Vandalski Mountains no Askiburgion. Ma hope o ka palapala Ptolemaic hele mai i ka Czech Repubalika Bohuslav Balbin a me Paulo pohaku mai luna ka hoʻohana 'ana i ka palena manawa inoa Sudetenland i ka holoʻokoʻa koa (17. Luna).

Kanaka nunui ia lakou iho ma Lūkiniʻoihana aliʻi i loko o 1095 i kapaia o Czech Forest Přibík Pulkava ma 1380 ua kapaia ka Mountains Snowy.

Pilikua Mountains inoa mua haawiia i nā i keia la ka Kolo kiʻekiʻe a me ka ieoaeunoai a Kokrháč. Peni ke kanaka nunui Mountains (singular feminine ", ka" nunui Mountains) a hiki i ka lapa akaka ma 1492 ma ka mooolelo o ka mahele Štěpanice waiwai ma luna o Wallenstein, a Jilemnický kekahi ma 1499 laila ma ka hana Vladislav II., Ka mua i koena palapala 'āina o ua inoa hana ma Rotehama Klaudyán ma 1518. Wenceslaus Hajek ma kona chronicle o 1541 hoʻohana i ka inoa o Czech a me Silesian nunui Mountains.

Ka hoike mua ana o ka palena manawa no ka inoa a hiki i ka mauna a pau o mai 1517 ka wā o ka inoa o Krkonošské mauna, kanaka nunui Mountains palapala hoʻokō diabolō huahelu. ʻO ka inoa i kahakahaʻia o nā Giant Mountains e kākau muaʻia i ka 1601. loa pinepine ka inoa ua manaoia e e he derivative o ke kahiko Slavic kumu "'ā'ī" a me "cracker", la me ka manao dwarf tidara paha mauna Pin, Josef Jungmann ua ​​ua hoʻopili i ka inoa o Germanic a Celtic ohana Corconti a Korkontoi, i oleloia ma ka Ptolemy, a me ka mea mahuʻi i ka mea i olelo ia mauna Asciburgius ua'ālike Nui Mau Mau Mau (ʻO Korkontoi e noho ma kahi kokoke i nā kumu o ka Vistula, aiʻole ma Beskydy Mountains). Kekahi noiʻi ano i ke kumu o ka inoa o Proto kumu, ke ano, "kahi pohaku hene, kahi pohaku kahua" a paipai i ka loulou ma ka inoa o ka Ukrainian Gorgany mauna ma ka hikina Carpathians.

German like paha (Czech a me Silesianʻaoʻao o nā kuahiwi ua a 1945 noho i ka uie kekahi hapanui hewahewa o kēia kanaka Kelemānia) me ke ano kanaka nunui Mountains (Riesengebirge, kanaka nunui Mountains ma ka 'ōlelo Pelekānia) hele mai ana, mai ka inoa Risenberg, a Agricola (Georgius?) In 1546 ia i loko o ke kau. Plural Riesengebirge no ka mauna a pau i mua kākau i loko o ka makahiki 1571.

ʻO ke kumu o ka hoʻokumuʻana i ke kaʻinahonua,ʻo ia ka pale kala kila mua a me nā pōhaku mua (metadoricic metamorphic rocks) (clamp). Ma kaʻaoʻao hikina o ke kuahiwi, he laulā nā koi. Ke komo ka crystallinic kahiko i kekahi mau wahi a me Krkonoše-Jizerský pluton (granite). ʻO nā'ōlepa o nā mea i hoʻolālāʻia, he mau meaʻoluʻolu wale nō ia i hoʻohālike i ka'āina. Aiaʻeluaʻanoʻano hauʻoli. ʻO ka mua, he mau kikowaenaʻano hiʻona aʻo ka lua heʻano Scandinavian. ʻO ka paepae nui (Devil hill, a me nā mea'ē aʻe) no kāna mau hōʻoluʻolu i kona kumu. No ka manaʻo maikaʻi, hiki iā mākou ke nānā i nā icebergs ma Scandinavia e hōʻike ana i keʻano o loko kanaka nunui Mountains hiki iā ia ke nānā. ʻO keʻanoʻoi loa o keʻano o ka'āpana kalapihi,ʻo ia hoʻi ka Elbe Mine a iʻole Giant Mine paha, he awāwa i hanaʻia e nā'ōmole. ʻO nā mea'ē aʻe he nui keʻano o ka'āpana keleʻele (v kanaka nunui Mountains ʻikeʻiaʻo "ka lua"). ʻO ka mea e pili ana i ka Kotelní já me ka lua Snow i Polani. ʻO Kary kekahi o nā mea nui loa e hiki iā mākou ke hana kanaka nunui Mountains no ka meaʻo lākou kaʻoi loa loa o nā Giant Mountains. ʻO ka hana Cryogenic v kanaka nunui Mountains e pono e haʻi aku, e like me keʻano o nā puʻu kiʻekiʻe nui a me nā papaʻaina maloʻo.

Aia ma ka'āina o nā maunaʻo Giant he mau mea kanu a me nā hopena o nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona. V kanaka nunui Mountains ʻo ia ka mahele nui loa ma luna o ka palena kiʻekiʻe o ka nahele ma Czech Republic. Ma ke kiʻekiʻe o 1200-1300 m ka pauʻana o ka belu o ka nahele. Ma luna aʻe kahi o ke ōlaʻi, ka koa, ka pōhaku, a me ke kai. ʻO kēiaʻano maʻi nui loa,ʻo ia ka inoaʻo ke arc alpine tundra. Ma kekahi mau wahi, loaʻa iā mākou nā pahu peat. ʻO ka uluʻana o ka ulu ulu mua i nā mea i hoʻopauʻia e ka hopena o ka pollution o ka ea. Ma nā kūlana haʻahaʻa, hoʻokipa a me ka spruce monocultures e ulu. Aia ka Malacofauna o nā Giant Mountains i ka 90 o nā mollusc.

Ma ka palena o ke kanaka nunui Mountains ua aniiei? Kanaka nunui Mountains National Park (KRNAP) wahi o 36 400 Kai, ka mea i hai aku i ka makahiki 1963, a me Karkonoski Park Narodowy (KPN), hoʻokumu ma 1959. Ke aiiay ciia ieiuaau o ka National Park mea ma kaʻaoʻao Czech o ka wahi 18 400 aa. Mauna i hoi mai 1992ʻeluaʻaoʻao Biosphere Reserve i kukalaia ai ma ke Aupuni Hui Pū 'Educational, Ho oholo Wae a me ka Nohona Kanaka Organization (wahi ana i ka hapa Czech o ka 54 800 aa). Ua māheleʻia ka KRNAP i I., II. a me III. ka 'āpana palekana, kahi o ka 1st part iʻoi aku ka waiwai nui a me ka hoʻomalu palekana loa. Kēia 'o ia hoʻi, e like. Ka ana au a me II. ciia ua pāpā ana mawaho o ka na hiohiona Hiking a me ka eu?'ūlili. Ma ka palena o ke kanaka nunui Mountains ua kekahi inoa Bird Area, a nui Bird Area, a uhi i ka holoʻokoʻa biosphere hookoe, niioaaonoaaiii. ka 'āina āpau me ke kaʻina pale.

ʻO nā maunaʻo Giant mai kahi kiʻekiʻe o ka mākaʻikaʻi i nā mauna kiʻekiʻe loa i ka Czech Republic. Hiki ke hoʻohālikelikeʻia nā'āpana e waiho ana ma luna o ka palenaʻo 1400 m i ka Green Coast. E hoʻololi ke kauwela ma ka kiʻekiʻe. No ka laʻana, ka mea mahanaʻawelike ma Trutnov mea 6,8 kekelē Kelekia ma, oiai ma Sněžka, i mea ka coldest wahi o ke kanaka nunui Mountains, ka awelika makahiki mahana 0,2 kekelē Kelekia. I ka manawa like,ʻo ka wahi mālie loa ia ma ka Czech Republic. ʻO ka nui o nā pali i nā mauna Giant ma muli o ke kiʻekiʻe a me ka hoʻolālā. Ike oiaio mea i ke koa ma ke Komohana nunui iloko o ka makahiki i oi nui ma mua o ka hoʻonohoʻana i loko o ka hikina mauna, e like me ia ma ka Lepupalika Czech Kīwala'ō ma lalo Western ea pele. Hapanui kimu hina ma ke kauwela mahina i nāʻino a me ka ii iai mea emi o loko o March, akā, ma muli o ia i ka huina nui o ka hau ka mea, he emi kekahi '. ʻOiai ua kanaka nunui kiekie loa mauna, i loko o ka Lepupalika Czech, a loaʻa i ka hapanui ke kimu ole, aole ia e haule iho, no ka mea, ke kanaka nunui e moe ana i loko o ka ua malu o ka Jizera Mountains. Ma na kualono hiki ii iai averages puni 1300 mm o / makahiki, oiai ma ka awawa mea hiki e mai e 1500 mm o / makahiki. ʻO kekahi hapa o ka pīpīʻo keʻano o ka hau,ʻo ia kekahi hapa o nā mauna Giant. Ka lā o ka hanana o ka snowfall mua i loko o ke kanaka nunui Mountains hiki ole ke olelo no o na kualono e hau Aneane pau makahiki. Aia ka uhi paʻa o ka hau i nā kuahiwi ma ka waena mai o Nowemapa a Mei. Ke hoʻomāhuahua nui o ka hau ia lŘlŘ ma ka lulu kumu (Map Repubalika kahi o ka hau hohonu kīnā mai i 15 mau mika). I ka manawa pinepine i ka Giant Mountains e pupuhi ana ka makani ikaika (ka makani kiʻekiʻe loa i kauʻia ma Sněžka 216 km / h).

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