Kanaka nunui, kanaka nunui Mountains, Czech Paradise
Czech Paradise

Czech Paradise

by
O oe no ia nei;
<Back

Czech Paradise (German Böhmisches Paradies) o ka inoa no ka wahi i loko o ka waena Pojizeří i loaʻa he kiʻekiʻe lehulehu o ka maoli a me ka mōʻaukala kia hoʻomanaʻo i. ʻO ka inoaʻo Bohemian Paradise i hoʻomaka muaʻia i ka'āpanaʻo Lāomia (i kapaʻia i kēia manawaʻo ka Māla o Bohemia), i hoʻopihaʻia e ka poʻe Kelemānia. Ua hoʻokumuʻia ka wehewehe o kēia manawa ma 2. ka hapalua o 19. kenekulia. E like me ka mea kākau i pinepine kākau i nā like Spa hoaai e kipa i ka Spa Sedmihorky, ka mua hoʻopaʻa pepa paʻi kiʻi hana, nae, ke hele mai, mai ka hoʻoponopono Vaclav Durych o 1886.

Teritori, e moe ana e pili ana i 90 ei hikina'ākau o Palaka ua ka hola kau palena ia ana e na kulanakauhale o ka: Sobotka, Mnichovo Hradiště, Sychrov, Frýdštejn, Zelezny Brod, Semily, Lomnice nad Popelkou, aeaciua ai a me Jicin. ʻO ka "naʻau o ka Paradise Bohemia" kahi i kapaʻiaʻo Turnov. ʻO ke kumu nui o ka'āinaʻo Kozákov Mountain a me nā puʻu o Trosky Castle. Nui i kekahi pōhaku kulanakauhale, o ka oi aku Prachovské pōhaku, pōhaku Příhrazské, Hruboskalsko a me ka loko, no ka laʻana. Žabakor, Komárovský loko a me ka loko iʻa ma ka podtroseckých podkosteckých a me na awawa.

He inoaʻo Bohemian Paradise no ka'āina āpau i mālamaʻia, no ka manawa o 1955, aia wale nōʻekolu mau wahi liʻiliʻi loa ma loko o ka mahele nui nui o ka mākaʻikaʻiʻo Bohemian Paradise.

ʻO Maloskalsko
Maloskalsko Nature Park mea he pale 'ana i' āpana hai ma 1997, e waiho nei ma ke Komohana Hema palena Apana o Jablonec nad Nisou Liberec māhele 'āina, kekahi hapa ma ka PLA Czech Paradise. Aiaʻo ia ma nāʻaoʻaoʻelua o ke kahawaiʻo Jizera, ma waena o keʻano waiwai piha i nā kūlanakauhale pana pōhaku. ʻO ke kikowaena waena, e like me ka inoa o ka papa,ʻo ia ke kauhale o Malá Skála.

Manao e hai aku i keia? Noaaiiiai iaoeiiaeuiiai i kūpono mai ka hooloihi ae i futile hooikaika, e hoʻonui i ka hoomaluia wahi o ka Paradise Czech ma na nā kauhale Little Rock, Koberovy, Frýdštejn, Líšný, a he nawaliwali kekahi Pěnčín a me Zelezny Brod.

ʻO ke axis o kēia wahiʻo ka muliwaiʻo Jizera. Mai Železný Brod ia Turnov e neʻe ia i loko o ka wai kahe i kahakiʻia e pili ana i ka lua o ka pojizeří - Ještědsko-Kozákovský. ʻO kēia mau pūnaewele nā ​​wahi nui loa, kahi i hala mua aku o kahi pūnaewele o nā wahi i mālamaʻia a iʻole nā ​​hiʻohiʻona'āina nui. NPP nā'āpana uila, PR Bučiny u Rakous, PP Ondříkovický pseudokrasový systém. ʻO ke kaiāulu i hoʻopuehuʻia a me ka hoʻolālā e kūkulu i keʻano maʻamau o kēia wahi.

ʻO nāʻaoʻao kiʻekiʻe o ka wahi i hoʻomaluʻia e Vranovský hřeben a me Suché skály e haku pōhaku pōhaku. Part o ka mea maoli Park levees Jizery sparsely uhi i kanu, a me ka lehulehu mau mea i ka mea, wold i nā muliwai a me ka hapa o ka pali kumu me Hāneʻe lehulehu, a me nā wahi malu. ʻO Jizera keʻano he kekena no ka ihoʻana o nā mauna a me nā mauna mauna i nā wahi haʻahaʻa. Ma kēlāʻaoʻao,ʻo ka awāwaʻo Jizera ka pāhola ma waena o kahi pua nani i nā mauna.

ʻO nā kumuolaola o nā ululāʻau mua o kēia māhele e hōʻikeʻia ana e nā lāʻau hulu kūpoki, ka lāʻau'aloopopika a me nā kumulāʻauʻolo. Nui nonforest nā kaiaola nā waterlogged ke kula mauʻu, he mua sandstone kiʻi, Valley Stream, a Vazoveckého paena ke kinemona bělokvětého i Zaborci.

Ua haawiia ka loa e lauwili 'ā ina kūpapakū ua Maloskalsko.¨, a pili pu hapa Železný inexhaustibleʻano o nā kaiāulu, a me ka laha' ma i ka mea e wehe relict oihana mua a me koena o ka palapala kanu mālama 'ia ma ka apuepue ho'āmana ioauoa (beech ululaau, tidara-lāʻauʻoka, pohaku'ō, waterlogged ke kula mauʻu, kumu, etc.). . Mawaena o ka nui o na mea kanu e ulu ana? Ueoʻaneʻi e laʻa me ke kinemona tuberose, trigeminal i kakahiaka nui koʻa, polystichum lonchitis, slipper, Helleborineʻulaʻula, keʻokeʻo helleborine orchid a me ka orchid. ʻO nā kūlanakauhale pōhaku pōhaku pōhaku kahi mea kūpono no nā manu nui nui. Ka mea, e noho 'aneʻi Swallowtail, i hāʻaweʻia anuenue, salamander, toad, moo, slowworm a oi.

ʻO nā'ōpiliʻo Klokočské he wahi kūlohelohe ia o ka lele. Helu No. 918 ma ka Jicina Hill, ma ke komohana o ke kaona Klokočí ma ka moku Semily ma ka Liberec. Hoʻoponoponoʻia ka wahi e AOPK ČR - kahi hana ma ka'āpana o Liberecko. ʻO ka Nature Reserve ka mea e pili ana i ka Poʻomanaʻo'Āpana Hoʻolālā Hoʻolālāʻo Bohemia, nā wahi nui o'Auhopaʻo Jizera Breakthrough ma Rakousy a me ka Bohemian Paradise Geopark.

ʻO nā pōhakuʻo Klokočské he pōhaku pōhaku ma ka lihi o kaʻimi o ka quartz sandstone mai ka piko o ke kai e hōʻeuʻeu, a huliʻole i ke komohana hema. ʻO ka mea kiʻekiʻe loa (458 m nm) kahi e kau nei ma luna o ka pae hoʻohālike hoʻohālike i ka hikina hikina. Kuesty hōʻemi iki mall ala i loko o Central a northwestern hapa ho oka awale i sufozní sinkholes lehulehu, ma luna o ka pali hene ku ae la hale kiaʻi, kolamu a me ka pohaku paia me nā kinona like ikaika gravitational odsedání úpatními puʻu. Aia kekahi mau nick nick, pseudocross caves (ka nui o nā mea koʻikoʻi a me nā kālaiʻike) a me nā pali pōhaku. ʻO ka pika me ka pine pine nā lāʻau nui, i kekahi manawa me nā lāʻau birch. Aia ma ka hikina hikina hema aia nāʻala o ka Rotarktejn Rock Castle. Aia kahi piʻiʻana. Mai ka laina o nā hale papaʻa e pili ana i ka SZ-JV, aia nā manaʻo kūʻokoʻa o nā mauna ma kaʻaoʻao o Roven Ward.

ʻO Kozákov (744 m) ka mauna kiʻekiʻe loa o Kozákovský ridge a me ka Paradaiso Bohemia. Mai ke prehistory, uaʻimiʻia ka piko e like me ka hale kūʻai o nā pōhaku makamae, kahi a nā poʻe hunona kaulana i hana i nā mea hana maʻalahi. I loko o nā poho o ka pōhaku i hoʻopihaʻia i ka pōhaku agate, jasper, amethyst,'eleka, greens a me nā pōhaku kūikawā'ē aʻe. Ua hoʻohanaʻia ka pūnaewele i ka wā o ka wā kahiko e hoʻonani i nā luakini. ʻO Kozákov kekahi wahi kaulana loa no ka pale.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā wahiʻo Kozákov kahi i kūkuluʻia e nā pōhaku nunui, kahi i uhiʻia e kahi larch tertiary o basalt a me nā waikena lua pele ma luna, ma ka'ākau a me ka hikina. Ma mua o 6 i 4 no nā miliona miliona,ʻo Kozakov ka lua pele maʻamau. ʻO kaʻaoʻao komohana o Kozákov kahi i kūkuluʻia ma luna o ka pōhaku kiʻekiʻeʻo Upper Cretaceous Cenomanian. Ua uhaʻiʻia kēia mau mea i loko o kekahi mau keru ma loko o ke Tertiary a ua laweʻia mai i ko lākou manawa.

He He palahalaha asymmetric elevation i loko o kā mākou uplift antiklinálního bazaltandezitového (melafyrového) o ka luna, a malalo lōpū hikina kahi haahaa (15-20 °) a i lalo piko wahi ma luna o ka pele kahe Neogene olivine pōhakuʻalā (pōhakuʻalā), ma hope o ka holo iho la ka hope i ka hikina hema. Ma ke kiekie, a steeper komohana hene e kahiāuli una ālai 'o ka sandstone (max. 667 m) me ka mokuna paia, pohaku hale kiaʻi, niches, ana, úpatními Kaulu puʻu. Ma melaphyre a me ka pōhakuʻalā kahi haahaa i uhiia me ka pohaku, a me ke kai paialewa.

Aia ma ka pali hema hema he nui ka melafyrous quarry i kapaʻiaʻo Votrubec Quarry. Na Mr. Votkovka nō ia nā kuleana, a ua komo pū kekahi me kekahi kumukūmoku o nā pōhakuʻo Precious. No kahi uku liʻiliʻi, hiki keʻeli i loko o ka quarry me nā mea hana i laweʻia i kēia lā eʻimi i nā pōhaku kūponoʻole, a laila e hiki ai i ka mea nāna ke'ōniʻoni.

I ka wā ma waena, ua kau lākou i ke ahi ahiʻo Kozák. Ma hope mai ua hōʻuluʻuluʻia nā hōʻuluʻulu lehulehu o nā poʻe. Ma ka 1901, hoʻokumuʻia ka mea pelekane Turnov Jan Prousek i ka piko o ka hale aʻo kahi halepule neo-Romanesqueʻo St. ʻO Cyril a me Methodius aʻoi aku paha ma mua o 20 mau mika kiʻekiʻe Slavic mound me ke ana kūpoki i kanuʻia me nā pōhaku likeʻole. Ma hope o ka hānauʻana o Czechoslovakia, puhiʻiaʻo 28 i kēlā me kēia makahiki. ʻO ka hebedomaʻOkakopa. Ma hope o ka makeʻana o Franz Ladislav Rieg o 1903, ua hānauʻia ka manaʻo e mahalo i kona hoʻomanaʻo ma ka hanaʻana i nā Mounds o Rieger. I hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope mai, ua hoʻokuʻuʻia ka "Team Rieger Mound Construction Team" i kahi'āpana'āina i ka holomua. Ma hope mai, ua hoʻokūkūʻiaʻelua mau manaʻo: kahi puʻu a he hale momoe e pili ana i ka hut me kahi haleʻaina a me kahi hoʻomanaʻoʻo Riegrov. ʻO ka lua o ka hoʻololiʻana i laweʻia e ka Czech Tourists Club. Ua hoʻokumuʻia ka pōhaku kihi o ka hale e 29. ʻAukake 1926. Ua kūkuluʻia ka hale mai nā hōʻiliʻili, nā makana a me nā kōkua mai nā kauhale kokoke mai. Ua wehe 'iaʻo 24. Iune 1928. I ka wā o ke Kaua Honuaʻelua, ua nohoʻia ka hale noho e ka poʻe Kelemānia a laila e ka poʻe koa Czechoslovak. Ma hope o Fepeluali 1948, ua hoʻokumuʻia ka home a hoʻololiʻia i ka Haleʻaina a me kaʻaina. I ka Meiʻo 1964 hut i puhiʻia. ʻO ka 1994 Club o nā mākaʻikaʻi Czech ma ka home Semily i ka makahiki 10-makahiki i kūʻai iā ia mai ka moku'āina mai. Ma 1995, ua weheʻia kahi hale kūkuluʻoni 40 me kahi pae hilinaʻi ma 24 mika ma luna. ʻO ka hale kiaʻi lookoʻa hoʻi he lawelaweʻo ia no ka mast music telepuni no ka pūʻali, nā mākaʻi, a me nā mea ahi. Mai ka 2002,ʻo Kozákov kekahi māhele o ka Hale Hoʻolālā Hoʻopalekana Papuʻo Bohemia. Ma ka 2003, ua weheʻia kahi hale o Rieger ma hope o ke kūkulu houʻiaʻana. Hāʻawiʻia ka hale kiaʻi e nā hale kiaʻiʻo Paradise Paradise, Pojizeří, České středohoří, kanaka nunui Mountains a me nā maunaʻo Lusatin, Ještěd, mauna, Podkrkonoší, Broumovská vrchovina, Orlicke hory a hiki paha i nā paepae o ke kuahiwiʻo Bohemia-Moravian.

Ua hoʻolahaʻia ka Nature Reserve Příhrazské skály i ka makahiki 1999 a aia ma ka hema a me ke komohana o ke kūlanakauhale Příhrazy ma ka mokuʻo Mladá Boleslav. ʻO ke kumu o ka palekana he mahele nui o nā pōhaku, nā'ōnana kūlohelohe a me nā'ōlohelohe kūlohelohe, nā'āpana geomorphologically.

ʻO ka lawaiʻa he wahi lua o nā kūlanakauhale pōhaku ma ka lihi o kahi pā pōhaku pōhaku. ʻO keʻano nui loa ka pōhaku i kapaʻiaʻo ke poʻo o Kobylí. Aia ma loko o ke kūlanakauhale pōhaku ke kauʻiaʻo Hynstas. ʻO ka mea ma 17. ka makahiki i lilo he hale hoʻomalu no nā kaikunāne Czech. Ma kahi e koe nā hale o ka 13 hale. kenekulia.

Kūʻule nā ​​mauna kiʻekiʻeʻo Příhrazská ma lalo o nā ukaʻo Vyskeřu ma loko o Jicin Highlands. ʻO kahi kiʻekiʻe loa o ka wahi,ʻo ia ka 463,5 m. ʻO kēia piko nuiʻole o ka Olivinian Nepheline vein, he lāʻau iakoni kokoke i hapalua i ka hikina hikina. Ua hoʻoholoʻia kēia ma ka hoʻohālikelikeʻana i nā kiʻekiʻe o ka'āpana o nā kahakai āpau a me nā kiʻekiʻe o nā wai i waho o ko lākou mau kumu. ʻO nā mea kahiko loa o nā Příhrada Nui,ʻo ia nā kuamoʻo o ke kahua. Ke helu nei ka paliʻo Příhrazské skály i ka hale kiaʻi 178. ʻO ka hapanui o lākou e kū ana ma nāʻaoʻao o nā awāwa kahawai i ke poʻo o kahi kuamo. Ua lainaʻia ka mua i kahi wili'āpana e like me nāʻano hekili'ōwili. ʻO ka hapa nui loa o ka hala i hala iho nei ua hanaʻia ma 1926 i ka mahinaʻo Iune. ʻO ka hopena, ua'ānaiʻia kekahi hapa nui o ke kauhale o Dneboh a uaʻehaʻia ka alanui ākea ma Olšina.

No ka hopena o nāʻiliʻeleʻeleʻeleʻele, ua hoʻonuiʻia nā māwae i nā kumukū, e'āpono ana i ke kūkuluʻana i nā mōhai pakele. Loaʻa iā mākou ma nā příhrazské mau pōhaku ma kahi o kanaono. ʻO ka mea kaulana loa,ʻo ia ka pseudocross gorge me nā mea e hoʻonui ana i ka hohonu o 22,5 mika. iʻikeʻia ma 1960, a ma lalo iho oʻelua mau makahiki ma hope mai, hele maiʻo Gustav Ginzel, ka mea nāna iʻikeʻo Jizera Manure House. Ma nā awāwa kahawai o Krtola a me Vlčí Důl, hiki iā mākou ke hōʻea i nā puka pōhaku, nā paepae pōhaku a me nā ana. ʻO Krtola Cave, i kapaʻiaʻo Sklep na Chodové,ʻo ia ke ana nui loa o ka Paradaiso Bohemia. Uaʻike muaʻia kēia anaʻo 40 nui i ke ana i 80. makahiki 19. century-old Joseph Nazis, Píč.

He mau pinepine pinepine a me ka hao i kauʻia. Hiki iā mākou ke hālāwai meʻaneʻi me nā pōhaku. Aia ua hana i ka mea eleele paʻa kūhohonu loa lepo (Cambisol eutrophic) me Rankers (typical a me ka litickým) a me sandstones arenosolyʻakika (s Cambisol arenická podsol arenickým). Waterlogging pseudogleys noho kulana (ka pepa paia, a typical) me ka glue (nō kāu kekahi organozemním) hapa o kekahi organozem pepa paia i ke koena.

Ua hoʻomaluʻia nā mālama'āina e nā ulu lāʻau me kahi kiʻekiʻe o nā kaiaulu ulu kūlohelohe. Pine ulu lāʻau ma luna o nā luna o nā pōhaku, stunted thermophilic lāʻauʻoka wahie ma luna o loess i kahiko holoholona, ​​a me ka'ōpala hoʻi ulu ma lalo o ka piko o Male, kahi e ulu Perennial (Lunaria rediviva), kaua i waena o ka loa waiwai o ia mau mea. ʻO kahi i kahi maikaʻi kahi mokupuni o nā māhele o nā māhele ulu me ka lokoʻo'Ivan (Stipa joannis) ma ka pā pōhakuʻo Hrad. ʻO ia kahi kahi iʻike loaʻia o nā thermalias i kēia māhele o ka Paradaiso Bohemian. Ma waho o ia mea, uaʻikeʻia kekahi mau mea likeʻole. Ma ka Drábských světničkách, ulu ka lāʻau holoʻokoʻa (Cotoneaster integerrimous). Ke inverse hiki ke loaʻa gorges beech spruce admixture me maoli pohaku paia, a kū Vranča kaa (Huperzia selago) a me Lycopodium Annotinum (Lycopodium annotinum). Mai ke kiʻi o ka nānāʻana,ʻo Krtola ke kaulana kaulana loa.

I loko o ka hoʻokipa hema o ka lokoʻo Oběšenec, aia kahi lāʻau hoʻomanaʻoʻole Dub i Oběšence.

ʻO Hruboskalsko kahi lahui kūlana kaulana no 22. ʻApelila 1998. ʻO ka 219,2 ha kekahi o nā kūlanakauhale nui loa ma ka Pālahalaha Hoʻopalekana Hale Paʻiʻo Bohemia. ʻO ke kumu o ka palekana he kūlanakauhale nui nui e waihoʻia ana me nā kope hou. Hruboskalské kaona pōhaku nā haneri o ka pohaku massifs a me ka hookaawale hale kiaʻi, a hiki kiekie o ka mai i 60 m. No i ka haʻahaʻa ia'ku sandstone a me ka mākau 'ole o ka helu ana o nā pōhaku i waiwai i loko o ka likeʻole ma o ke ano a me ka ano (waihona meli, puka makani, a me nā'īpuka). ʻO Hruboskalsko kekahi hapa o ka Bohemia Paradise Geopark, i komo pū i loko o ka pūnaewele o nā pae'āina Pākehā iʻOkakopa 2005.

ʻO ia kekahi o nā wahi kikekika mua loa o Czech,ʻo Kapelník, Kulina, Maják, a me Osudová. Ma waena o ka hui kaiapuniʻo Czech a me ka Boysia Paradise Paradise Landscape Area, ua paʻa kaʻaelike,ʻo ia hoʻi nāʻano no ka piʻiʻana ma luna o kahi kahakai.

ʻO ka mokuʻo Hruboskalské pōhaku kekahi wahi mākaʻikaʻi nui. ʻO nā monumoku kaulana loaʻo ka haleʻo Hrubá skála, i kūkuluʻia ma luna o ka pōhaku nui ma 14. Hamekulia a me Wallenstein Castle. Ma ka bedrock ua kūkuluʻia he nui i ka makaikai wahi e like me Marian e nānā, i ka ana o ke koa, ma ka nānā ana liona a me kekahi wahi malihini e malama pono i ka kilakila pohaku me ka ho okumu a me ka loa pinepine climbers zdolávající puni hale kiaʻi. Mahalo i nā kumu o Hessoskalska nui i nā'elini calcium, ua hanaʻia ka spa Sedmihorky maʻaneʻi.

Aia ka Hustoskalsko Nature Reserve ma kaʻaoʻaoʻo Liberec o 3 kilomita mai ke kūlanakauhaleʻo Turnov. Aia ia ma waena o nā kauhale Sedmihorky, Hrubá Skála a me Kacanovy. Aia ke awāwa ma waena o 265-420 m. Hruboskalské pōhaku ke kūlanakauhale nui loa ma ka mokuʻo Bohemia Paradise Protected Landscape.

Ua hoʻokaʻawaleʻia keʻano o nā kūlanakauhale pāhaku iʻehā hanana. ʻO ka mua, kahi hana hoʻomākaukau kahi i lalo ke kino o ka pōhaku kupapaʻu. ʻO ka hopena o ka hanaʻana i ka wai honua,ʻo ke kūkuluʻiaʻana o nā nalu iʻoi aku ka ikaika e hoʻopuni i kaʻalā mānoanoa. I kēia manawa,ʻo ka hopena o ka Ice Age i ka wā i hāʻule ai ka iʻa i ka nalowale. ʻO ka papa aʻe ka hopena mua e hōʻikeʻia ana e ka tekonic picking and the erosion. ʻO ka hopena, he'āina pālahalaha nui o Bohemia ma waena o nā kolo pōhaku. ʻO ke kolu o ka wā he wā kūpono e hanaʻia ma hope o ka hopena o ka piʻiʻana o ka tectonic. Ma kēia kahua, nāʻano o weathering aiiay haawi crusts ua uhaʻiʻia exfoliating flakes, a ma hope o nā kihi o ka pohaku paia, a hiki i mānoanoa o ka mai, e 1 m. Ka hope pae o ka pae o ka poe oo hoi, ke komo pū i ka make ana o ka pōhaku, me ka ho okumu. Ka luku Ua loa pinepine, kena ae la ia e Hāneʻe, e hina no ka pohaku ālai 'a sheeting pōhaku kauhale. Ma ka pohaku kulanakauhale, ua hiki ke ike me ka mosaic o okoa makahiki surfaces. Ke pōhaku kūlanakauhale, e like me ka maikai me na mea e ae i loko o ka'āina,? Ac? 18-20 makahiki miliona.

ʻO Hungoskalská vrchovina kēia no Vyskeřská vrchovina, no ka puʻuʻo Turnovská. ʻO kēia a pau loa o Severočeská tabula. ʻO ka Hastoskalská vrchovina he kectonicʻeleʻele, i paʻa i ka pili Libyan a me ka haki ma ke awāwaʻo Ioredane a me ke kahawaiʻo Žehrovka. Hoʻokumuʻia nā kumu o ke kūlanakauhale pōhaku ma ka'ōpiopio'ōpiopio,ʻoiai nā microforms o nā honeycombs, nā papa pōhaku, nā wāwae a me nā puka makani i hanaʻia i loko o ka holokene. ʻO ka hui nui loa ka Lighthouse, ka Kapelník a me ka Roke Dragon. Hiki iā mākou keʻike i kekahi mau ana, nā'īpuka pōhaku a me nā kōkuhi. ʻO ka haleʻo Hruboskalské pōhaku kahi i hoʻokumuʻia i ka pōhaku kōpana. ʻO 120 ka mana o ke one one aʻo kahi o nā kaha pōhaku e piʻi ana i ka 60 m.

Loaʻa ka uhiʻiaʻana o ke kūlanakauhale a pau i ka nahele (97%). ʻO nāʻano kūikawā he mau relics o ka birch, i mālamaʻia a koe wale nō i kahi o nā pali pōhaku, a me nā pōhaku nui. Hiki iāʻoe ke loaʻa nā lāʻau'ola nui, akā me nā lāʻau'olalo. ʻO kekahiʻano ulu nui o ka pali pōhakuʻo ia ka lau nahele'aloʻula, kahi e uhi ai i nā awāwa maʻemaʻe ma waena o nā pōhaku.

Ano? Ueo undergrowth mea uliuli a pau, ahu iho ka pakahi aku la ia bilberryʻulaʻula (Vaccinium myrtillus), Heather (Calluna vulgaris), ula whortleberry (Rhodococcum vitis-idaea), Deschampsia flexuosa (Avenella flexuosa), bracken (Aquilegia vulgaris) a me ka bika lauoho (Luzola pilosa) . I pulu ka na awawa, pinepine mākou i loaʻa'Aukekulia'amaʻu (Dryopteris carthusiana) a me ka pono'amaʻu (Dryopteris dilatata). Typical mea i ke alo o ka sedge (Carex) a me ka pono ole ohe (Phragmites australis), o ka oi aku a puni ka poe liilii, nahele i nā loko iʻa. Ma nā awāwa ma na wai, na wai e like me ka horsetail nui (Equisetum telmateia) .One o ka hoomaluia kanu ioeo ua pinepine 'ia trichomanes (Trichomanes speciosum). Ka loa problematic invasive laha 'o ka hikina mai keʻokeʻo tidara (Pinus srobus) i ke hoohewa ai i nā kaiaola o relict tidara ululaau. Aia i kanu, a me ka hoʻokēʻai-ulu laau ioeo e like meʻulaʻula lāʻauʻoka (Quercus rubra), Europa larch (Larix decidua) a me ka Kiure kaa (Abies grandis).

He nui nā mea kolo, ae hoolohi (Anguis fragilis) a me ka nahesa (Natrix natrix) a me nā laha 'o amphibians, toad (Bufo Bufo) a me ka rana (Rana temporaria). ʻO ke kūlanakauhale pōhaku ka mea e hoʻopuka ai i nā kūlana maikaʻi no ka mālamaʻana i nā manu. No laila, hiki, malaila i ua loaʻa 73 nā manu, a 62? Ueony i hiki aiacayueony. [2] Iwaena o ka loa nui nā Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), ka tawny pueo (Strix aluco), Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs), redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus), jay (Garrulus glandarius) goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) magpie (pica pica), manu liilii (passer montanus) uliuli woodpecker (Picus viridis), bellflower (Carduelis chloris). Mawaena o na manu hoomaluia nā manuʻioʻio (Hirundo rustica) Common māmā (Apus apus) pueo (Bubo bubo), manu koraka lā (Corvus corax) Jackdaw (Corvus monedula), Pie (Ficedula parva).

Aia Ua loaʻa 14 mammals - Badger (Meles meles) Europa kameleona (Talpa europaea), tidara marten (Martes martes), tidara marten (Martes foina), i ka ilio hihiu (Vulpes vulpes), mouflon (Ovis musimon), yellow-ʻoʻoleʻa iole (Apodemus flavicollis), kae V (Clethrionomys glareolus), hihiu puaʻa (Sus scrofa), shrew (Sorex araneus), i hahaiia (capreolus capreolus), squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris), hare hoi (Lepus europaeus) a me ka hapa uuku horseshoe'ōpeʻapeʻa ( Rhinolophus hipposideros), i ua o loi miomio. Loaʻa ka heluna kanaka o nā kānaka 150-300. Ka loa olelo 'ia invertebrates i loko o ka māhele' āina nā crosshead temnostní (Meta menardi) Cicindela campestris (Cicindela campestris) ammophila sabulosa (ammophila sabulosa) puamauu liona maʻamau (Myrmeleon formicarius),'ūhini lele tidara (Spondylis buprestoides) keiki hipa dazule (Acanthocinus aedilis) . Kēlā wā i kēia wā ka mea, mai ka hahai ulaula tiga ka mu (Callimofpha dominula).

ʻO ke kumu o ka palekanaʻana ma ke kūlanakauhale nui loa o ka pali pōhaku ma ka Paradise Bohemia me nā relics. Aia kekahi mau mea kanu a me nā holoholona. ʻO kahi laʻana, he ulu'ōmaʻomaʻo ke kumuhana (Trichomanes speciosum) a he Ropolelophus hipposideros i ka hopena. ʻO ka palena'āina o ka'āpana'āinaʻo Bohemian Paradise Protected Landscape Area, aia no i ka Administration o ka'Āpana Kūʻupu Puʻupuʻu Kūloheloheʻo Bohemia Paradise. Ua hoʻokomoʻia ka palekana o ka'āina ma ka Plan of Care for PR Hruboskalsko. ʻO nā pilikia nui loa o ka palekana e like me ka hukiʻana i ka uhiʻana o nā mea kanu mai nā pōhaku mai, e hoʻopau ana i ka'āina mai ke alanui a me ka'ōʻana o nā pōhaku me nā kaula piʻi.

He wahi mākaʻikaʻi ka Hastoskalsko Nature Reserve. Ma waho aʻe o ka piʻiʻana, holo wale ka holoʻana a me ke kaʻa kaʻa. ʻAʻole hiki i nā malihini ke kipa wale i nā manaʻo koʻikoʻi o nā pōhaku makamae, akā i keʻanoʻano likeʻole. He nui nā mākaʻikaʻi nuiʻia e nā mea mākaʻikaʻi a me nā kaʻa. Aia ma waena o nā wahi hoihoi nui loaʻo Marian Lookout kokoke i Hrubá skála, kahi o ka nani o nā hiʻohiʻona nani o ka Paradaiso Bohemia ma Dragon Rocks a me Trosky. Aia ma lalo o ka haleʻo Hrubá skála kahi awāwa hohonu e loaʻa ana kahi moena lōʻihi he kanaonokumamālima i kapaʻiaʻo ka Mouse Hole. Aia ma waena o nā monumental kūlohelohe maikaʻi ka Arboretum o Bukovina a me ka pōhaku pōhakuʻo Čertova ruka. Eia ka pae'āina arāʻau a me nā koena o kahi hale aliʻi. Other nui moʻomeheu hoʻopunipuni nā Hruboskalsko Valdštein hale kākela, ka halealii loa pohaku, hoolaʻi kuhikuhipuʻuone Kopitcův mahiʻai a me Spa Sedmihorky. No ka mākaʻikaʻi pinepine i ka wahi, hiki iāʻoe ke hoʻohana i nā mea likeʻole o ka nohoʻana, ma nā hale noho āpau a iʻole i kahi hoʻokipa maikaʻiʻo Camp Sedmihorky.

ʻO ka haleʻo Hruboskalské ka mea nui loa. Aia i i ka mua 'Akelanika alapiʻi ma Czech 1928 A i ka hale kiai, a lawe Charles Čábelka me teammates a me Bausys Náhlovským. Ua piʻiʻia ka piʻiʻana i ke kahakai i ka mākaukau maikaʻi no ka mauna. I loko o ke kaua, ua hūnāʻo Joska Smítko i Hruboskalsko, a ua hoʻokahuli loa ia i ka piʻiʻana o ke Czech sandstone a liloʻo ia i kumu hoʻohālike no nā poʻe piʻi aʻe. Ma hope o ke kaua, ua liloʻo Hruboskalsko i waenakonu o ka piʻiʻana o ka puʻu pōhakuʻo Czech. ʻO ka nui o ka piʻiʻana i Bohemia i emi iho ka nui ma hope o ka makahiki o 1989, i ka hikiʻana o ka huakaʻi huakaʻi e hemo, akā i kēia lā e ala hou ana. Hruboskalsko pohaku hapa o ka symbolic ilina, a i kūkulu mua me ka manao e hana i kekahi mea hoomanao i ka climbers i make i ka lehulehu e hoʻomoana ai i ke Kaua Honua II. A i ka hopena, ua lilo ia i pōhaku hoʻomanaʻo no nā poʻe'ē aʻe i make ma nā kuahiwi.

Trosky (514 ka m ma luna o ka 'ilikai, ma ka palapala e hoike kiʻekiʻe 488) i neovolcanic puu me ka hale kākela mea hina Trosky i hea aku ma luna o ka PLA Czech Paradise, ka hola ma waena o Turnov a me Jicin, cadastral kulanakauhale ma ka Apana Troskovice Semily Liberec māhele' āina. 'ōpala hoʻi i ka hōʻailona o ka Bohemian Paradise a me kekahi o nā pā kaua, a loa kipa ma ka Lepupalika Czech. I ka luna o ka puu o ka pale 'ana i maoli kia wahi e pili ana. Peak o ka mea kiekie loa Vyskeřské Highlands.

ʻO Debris ka'ōpala o ka pahu cone. E wae'aʻaiawāʻana i ka bulk o kahe lehu, a hemo kokuaia māhoe Hoʻokolo mua monogenic lua pele i hanaʻia olelo hoopomaikai basanites (he 'ano o ka pōhakuʻalā). Ma ka makahiki ma waena o nā hale kiaʻi mau mea no i koe bazanitové subhorizontally waiho waho pā kino ua aʻo i kaʻoihana subvertical columnar kila. ʻO kēia paukū ke kahakaha i ka relic o ke kahawai i hoʻokaheʻia mai loko mai o Baby. Hoʻolālāʻia nā'ōlani me nā relics o nā noho kuʻemene. Layering ua i ulu, akā, i ka hionapāʻili o ka hoʻokomo kālā, ka mea, ua ike i ka slag waihoia ma ka slag luna i loko o ka palapala o kaʻohana. ʻO ke kaʻina o ka'āpana a me ka pinepine o nā'āpana puʻupuʻu e pili ana i keʻano o ka'ūʻana o ka lehu. Ua hāʻawiʻiaʻo Bazanit z Trosek i ka 16,5 no nā miliona miliona. Hoʻomaka ka papahana me ka hanaʻana o ka papa slag cone, a ua hele pū me ka hoʻokuʻuʻana. Ma hope iho, ua neʻe ikaika ke kikowaena o kaʻoihana ma ka hikina, e hana ana i kahi kaikuahine kaikuaʻana o ka wahine. Ke kokuaia alanui komo iloko Virgin relict pele kahe pili me kaʻohana bebe a me keia pele slag Virgin ano. Holo hou kaʻoihana i ka hikina, kahi o 20, e like me nā hōʻike, a hiki i ka makahiki 1940. nā pōhaku basandite kūikawā kahiko i laweʻia. Mau pohaku me ka hale kiaʻi i kupu mai dissected soupouchu Panel i hoohalike i hou i ka anthropogenic hana periglaciálním hau paa weathering: hau paa pali, mawae i loko o ka pōhaku columnar kaʻawaleʻana wahiʻai. Ma ke kahe ana o ke kahawai, ua hoʻokumuʻia kahi'āpana hoʻolimalima. Aia mea he nui sandstone pōhaku me ka ho okumu e ku ma ka pali haahaa (pōhaku kūlanakauhale - Apolena no? Ma ka hema, hikina). ʻO ka piko nui ka lāʻau a me nā lāʻau paina, aʻo kekahi o lākou he spruce a me ka peʻe.

Prachovské pōhaku i pōhaku pae sandstone me ka ho okumu ana o kekahi mau ano, moe ana 5 e 7 ei Koro o Jicin, no?, Hapa o ka PLA Czech Paradise, a kaulana mākaʻikaʻi. Ua hoʻomaka lākou i ke kōkona haʻahaʻa e like me ka lepo i ka lihi o ke kai.

Loaʻa nāʻikepili o nā'ikehonua e hōʻike nei i ka nohoʻana o nā kānaka maʻaneʻi i nā wā mua o ka Stone Age. ʻO nā wahi a pau o nā pali kahi paʻa pono o nāʻohana Slavic, he mau wahi wale nō i piha i nā awāwa. I loko, ua kūkuluʻia ka hale kūkulu mua.

Malia paha ma ka hopena o 13. Ua kūkuluʻia ka haleʻo Velis ma kekahi o nā puʻu basalt me ​​ka mane ma Veliš. I kekahi mau makahiki ma hope mai, ua hoʻoiliʻia ka waiwai i Vartemberks, a ua hanaʻia nāʻano noho'āina ma ka hope o ka 15. ʻo ka Trčková o Lípa i'ōleloʻia maanei e like me nā mea nona ka'āina. I ka hoʻomakaʻana o 17. kenekulia i noho o Smiřičtí Smiřic, akā, ma 1625 Wallenstein i ma luna o ka waiwai, a paʻa ia i kona Frýdlant duchy. Ma hope o ka haʻaluluʻiaʻana o nā poho o ka manō, ua nalowale ka nohoʻana ma nā pōhaku.

A hou ke kahua hoʻomaka ma 1637 ka wā o ka waiwai i kumu kāki Colonel Henry Slik o ke kalana ohana Šlik me ka waiwai i loko o Western Bohemia, ka mea i hoʻopiʻi 'ana i ka hanohano ma ka Auguseto Sigismund. Rod Šliks nona ka waiwai a nationalization ma 1948.

ʻO 1866 kekahi o nā kaua Prussian-Austrian ma kahi kokoke i nā pōhaku, aʻo ka Prussians hoʻi, akā heʻuʻuku ka nui.

Mai ka hopena o 19. i ke kenekulia, ua lilo nā pōhaku i ka pahu o nā mea piʻi a me nā mākaʻikaʻi. Ma ka 1933, lilo lākou i wahi hoʻolālā'āina.

I ka hoʻopiʻi houʻana i ka hoʻopaʻi, ua loaʻa i kaʻohana Šliky kahi o 1993 a ua hoʻomaka e hana i nā lawelawe pili i ka hoʻokele. Kūpono ka heleʻana o ka poʻe ma ka 300 000 poʻe i kēlā me kēia makahiki.

ʻO ka palapala mua o ka'ōpili pōhaku a pau i hala ma 1874. Ua hoʻolakoʻo Antonín Zefyrin Maloch i ke kauka no ke kula graminaʻo Antonín Zefyrin Maloch. ʻO ka hopena o kāna hanaʻana he mahele kūpono ia i pauʻole. ʻO nā huahana mua a me nāʻano pōhaku nui i kahakahaʻia e nā haumāna o 1879 Maloch, nāna, e like me kāna mahele, kahakiʻia ka palapala'āina o Prachov Rocks.
Ua kaulana nā kapa o Ivan Mladek ma ka inoa hoʻokahi.
I kēia manawa aiaʻekolu mau helekaʻi kaʻakaʻi no nā mea mākaʻikaʻi. Aia kēia manawa mākaʻikaʻi mai 1. ʻApelila a hiki i ka hopena oʻOkakopa. Loaʻa ka pili i nā pōhaku i kahi uku. Hiki i nā Mountaineers ke koho i ka bila i kahi kumukūʻai, a hiki iā lākou ke neʻe i waho o nā ala i kohoʻia, akā, pono lākou e lilo i lālā o ka CHS a iʻole UIAA. Ma nā pōhaku, nui nā mea i hoʻololiʻia, a he inoa'ē aʻe i kapaʻia. Aia ma waena o ke kahawai kahi wai kūlohelohe i kapaʻiaʻo Pelíšek.
Castle Pařez - ka hale pōhaku.

kaʻana like
Back i Top