Valdštejn Castle Waiho i ka manaʻo hoʻopuka

ʻO Valdstein (Waldstein) kahi haʻalulu i ka'āpana Semily ma kahi o Turnov, ma ka Paradaiso Bohemia. ʻO ka hale aliʻi o nā haku o Valdštejn e hele mai ana mai ka hapalua o ka 13. kenekulia. ʻO ia kekahi o nā hale aliʻi kahiko loa ma kēia māhele'āina.

Castle kūkulu kekahi o na lala Markvartic e pili ana i na makahiki 1260 i 1280. Ua ua paha, mai Jaroslav Hruštice a me kana keiki Zdenek Wallenstein, a laila, lilo iho la ia i ko lakou noho ohana, e like me a ka mea, a me kā lākou mau mamo hoʻohana i ka predicate haku o Wallenstein. Ua kapaʻia lākouʻo Wallenstein.

ʻO Jaroslav z Hruštice (Hruštice kahi pākaua e pili ana iā Turnov) hoʻohana muaʻia ka inoaʻo Jaroslav o Lemberk no ka mea he lālāʻo ia o kaʻohana Lemberk, ke keikiʻekolu a Havel o Lemberk. ʻO Havel o Lemberk no kaʻohana o Markvartic, ka mea i loaʻa ka'āina nui ma Northern Bohemia no ke kōkuaʻana o nā Premyslids. ʻO ka makuahine o Jaroslavʻo Zdislava o Lemberk, i hoʻonuiʻia ma 1995.

Wallenstein noho 100 makahiki. No ka laʻana, au ike Zdeněk o Wallenstein, he courtier o King John o Luxemburg, Hynek o Wallenstein, ka mea i loko o 1336 komo i loko o nā luna hoʻolale kāna huakaʻi i loko o Lithuania Czech King a me John av Wallenstein, ka mea i noi ai 1500 groschens Margrave Charles, hope King Charles IV.

I ka pauʻana o 14. ke kenekulia hale lanakila i ka heihei Vartenberks mea a pau no hoi i ka Markvartic. Me Henry o Wartenberg ua hoʻoholo ihola e noho lākou mau bila Hussite alihi kaua Jan Zizka o Trocnov, ka mea 1424 kiʻo i hele mai me ka poe koa i Turnovo, lanakila aku la ia ia, höʻoia 'kona hoailona, ​​a lilo i ka Wallenstein. A laila, ua hai aku o Mr. Valečov, me kona hoa, ka mea i loko o 1427 hoopaaia no ka Prince Sigismund Korybutovič, moho no ka noho aliʻi. Ma 1431 i kekahi kākoʻo iā ia, a Hussites Castle Ramesh oki mai Stakory (laila, o Hradek).

I ka makahiki 1438-1439 ke kākela (a kokoke noho Kavčiny) hopu gangs o ka poe powa, a no ia mea, a elua ma 1440 i naʻi moku'āina dala. Hoʻomauʻia ka hoʻoponoponoʻana i nā mea kūʻai. Ka mea, i noho ai iʻaneʻi Šofové o Helfenburk mai 1514 Smiřičtí o Smiřic. Ma ka makahiki o 1550, waiho ka hale kākela i ka lehu ahi.

I ka pauʻana o 17. kenekulia hermit noho i loko o nā wahi e pili ana o Vaclav Holan Rovenský hoʻomaka 'aneʻi, a' ike i kekahi mau malihini. I ka mea nona o ka kūloko waiwai Wallenstein (nona o na makahiki 1620-1821) a ma hope o ia Aehrenthalové (1821-1945) kūkulu mai i na mea hina o ka pilialoha malihiniʻana. Ma 1713 hoʻonui pohaku u 1722 i ka mua pahale kukulu Chapel. laila, John o Nepomuk a koke ma hope o ka helu ana i mau kii o 1817 ua St. Chapel. ʻO Ioane Bapetite. Year 1836 Ua kukulu'īpuka no ka pohaku uwapo, kaa i ka moʻo o sculptures.

He haleʻaina kaʻohana Čihulkov i ka hale kākela mai 1923 a 1949. A laila ua hoʻokomoʻia i loko o ka hui Sokol. Mai ke Kaua Honua II,ʻo ka hale hoʻokūkū.

Hiki keʻokiʻia ma ka wāwae ma ka'ōmaʻomaʻo'ōmaʻomaʻo me ka'ōmaʻomaʻoʻulaʻula, kahi kokoke i 1 km ka mamao kaʻa kaʻa kaʻa. Mai Turnov, ma ka'āpana'āina o Mašov ma kahi o Turnov, aia ka hale kākela ma kahi mamao 3 km jjv. kuhikuhi. Hiki hiki ke holo i nā mahina kūpono, me nā uku komo. ʻO ka haʻaluluʻo 389 mika ia,ʻo ka piʻiʻana he 90 mika. ʻO ka'āinaʻo Hruboskalsko ka'āina kū ma kaʻaoʻao hikina hikina o ka hale kākela.

Pīhoihoi

  • Hrad ne německy nazýval Waldenstein, v českém překladu lāla ʻO ka ululaau.
  • Obraz světce v kapličce je možná jedinou existující podobiznou Karla Hynka Machy. ʻO ka mea kākau o ka penaʻo 1836ʻo Frantisek Mašek (Maschek, 1790-1862).
  • Ke koho aku nei iāʻoe i ka'ōlelo Hawaiʻiʻo Joseph Bohuslav Foerster oratorium Sv. ʻO ia a ʻO ka Symphony.
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